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Orthomolecular Medicine

 vitamins molecular medicine

Nutrient

What it does

Where it's found

Symptoms & problems
of deficiency

Vitamin E


Antioxidant, regulates oxidation reactions, stabilizes cell membrane, immune function, protects against cardiovascular disease, cataracts, macular degeneration

Wheat germ, liver, eggs, nuts, seeds, cold - pressed vegetable oils, dark leafy greens, sweet potatoes, avocados, asparagus

Skin, hair, rupturing of red blood cells, anemia, bruising, PMS, hot flashes, eczema, psoriasis, cataracts, wound healing, muscle weakness, sterility

Calcium


Bones, teeth, helps heart, nerves, muscles, body systems work properly, needs other nutrients to function

Dairy, wheat/soy flour, molasses, Brewer’s yeast, Brazil nuts, broccoli, cabbage, dark leafy greens, hazelnuts, oysters, sardines, canned salmon

Osteoporosis, osteomalacia, osteoarthritis, muscle cramps, irritability, acute anxiety, colon cancer risk

Chromium


Assists insulin function, increases fertility, carbohydrate/fat metabolism, essential for fetal growth/development

Supplementation, Brewer’s yeast, whole grains, seafood, green beans, broccoli, prunes, nuts, potatoes, meat

Metabolic syndrome, insulin resistance, decreased fertility

Magnesium


300 biochemical reactions, muscle/nerve function, heart rhythm, immune system, strong bones, regulates calcium, copper, zinc, potassium, vitamin D

Green vegetables, beans, peas, nuts, seeds, whole unprocessed grains

Appetite, nausea, vomiting, fatigue cramps, numbness, tingling, seizures, heart spasms, personality changes, heart rhythm

Selenium


Antioxidant, works with vitamin E, immune function, prostaglandin production

Brewer’s yeast, wheat germ, liver, butter, cold water fish, shellfish, garlic, whole grains, sunflower seeds, Brazil nuts

Destruction to heart/pancreas, sore muscles, fragility of red blood cells, immune system

Zinc


Supports enzymes, immune system, wound healing, taste/smell, DNA synthesis, normal growth & development during pregnancy, childhood and adolescence

Oysters, red meat, poultry, beans, nuts, seafood, whole grains, fortified breakfast cereals, dairy

Growth retardation, hair loss, diarrhea, impotence, eye & skin lesions, loss of appetite, taste, weight loss, wound healing, mental lethargy

CO Q10


Powerful antioxidant, stops oxidation of LDL cholesterol, energy production, important to heart, liver and kidneys

Oily fish, organ meats, whole grains

Congestive heart failure, high blood pressure, angina, mitral valve prolapse, fatigue, gingivitis, immune system stroke, cardiac arrhythmias

Carnite


Energy, heart function, oxidize amino acids for energy, metabolize ketones

Red meat, dairy, fish, poultry, tempeh (fermented soybeans), wheat, asparagus, avocados, peanut butter

Elevated cholesterol, liver function, muscle weakness, reduced energy, impaired glucose control

N-Acetyl Crysteine (NAC) & Glutathione



Glutathione production, lowers homocysteine, lipoprotein (a), heal lungs, inflammation, decrease muscle fatigue, liver detoxification, immune function

Meats, ricotta, cottage cheese, yogurt, wheat germ, granola, oat flakes

Free radical overload, elevated homocysteine, cancer risk, cataracts, macular degeneration, immune function, toxin elimination

Alpha Lipoic Acid


Energy, blood flow to nerves, glutathione levels in brain, insulin sensitivity, effectiveness of vitamins C, E, antioxidants

Supplementation, spinach, broccoli, beef, Brewer’s yeast, some organ meats

Diabetic neuropathy, reduced muscle mass, atherosclerosis, Alzheimer’s, failure to thrive, brain atrophy, high lactic acid

Copper

Bone formation, involved in healing process, LESS energy production, hair and skin coloring, taste sensitivity, stimulates iron absorption, helps metabolize several fatty acids

Oysters, seeds, dark leafy vegetables, organ meats, dried legumes, whole grain breads, nuts, shellfish, chocolate, soybeans, oats, blackstrap molasses

Osteoporosis, anemia, baldness, diarrhea, general weakness, impaired respiratory function, myelopathy, decreased skin pigment, reduced resistance to infection

Vitamin B1

Carb. conversion, breaks down fats & protein, digestion, nervous system, skin, hair, eyes, mouth, liver, immune system

Pork, organ meats, whole grain and enriched cereals, brown rice, wheat germ, bran, Brewer’s yeast, blackstrap molasses

Anemia, decreased free radical protection, cataracts, poor thyroid function, B6 deficiency, fatigue, elevated homocysteine

Vitamin B3

Energy, digestion, nervous system, skin, hair, eyes, liver, eliminates toxins, sex/stress hormones, improves circulation

Beets, Brewer’s yeast, meat, poultry, organ meats, fish, seeds, nuts

Cracking, scaling skin, digestive problems, confusion, anxiety, fatigue

Vitamin B6

Enzyme, protein metabolism, RBC production, reduces homocysteine, nerve & muscle cells, DNA/RNA, B12 absorption, immune function

Poultry, tuna, salmon, shrimp, beef liver, lentils, soybeans, seeds, nuts, avocados, bananas, carrots, brown rice, bran, wheat germ, whole grain flour

Depression, sleep and skin problems, confusion, anxiety, fatigue

Vitamin B12

Healthy nerve cells, DNA/RNA, red blood cell production, iron function

Fish, meat, poultry, eggs, milk, milk products

Anemia, fatigue, constipation, loss of appetite/weight, numbness and tingling in the hands and feet, depression, dementia, poor memory, oral soreness

Vitamin B3

Carbs, fat, amino acid metabolism (the building blocks of protein)

Salmon, meats, vegetables, grains, legumes, lentils, egg yolks, milk, sweet potatoes, seeds, nuts, wheat germ

Depression, nervous system, premature graying, hair, skin

Biotin

Carbs, fat, amino acid metabolism (the building blocks of protein)

Salmon, meats, vegetables, grains, legumes, lentils, egg yolks, milk, sweet potatoes, seeds, nuts, wheat germ

Depression, nervous system, premature graying, hair, skin

Folate

Mental health, infant DNA/RNA, adolescence & pregnancy, with B12 to regulate RBC production, iron function, reduce homocysteine

Supplementation, fortified grains, tomato juice, green vegetables, black-eyed peas, lentils, beans

Anemia, immune fuction, fatigue, insomnia, hair, high homocysteine, cardiovascular disease

Pantothenate

RBC production, sex and stress-related hormones, immune function, healthy digestion, helps use other vitamins

Meat, vegetables, whole grains, legumes, lentils, egg yolks, milk, sweet potatoes, seeds, nuts, wheat germ, salmon

Stress tolerance, wound healing, skin problems, fatigue

Vitamin A


Eyes, immune function, skin, essential cell growth and development

Milk, eggs, liver, fortified cereals, orange or green vegetables, fruits

Night blindness, immune function, zinc deficiency, fat malabsorption

Vitamin C

Enzyme activation, second messenger roles (transmitting hormonal information), blood clotting, cell and cell organelle membrane function, nerve impulse transmission and muscular contraction, tone and irritability

Supplemention, broccoli, brussel sprouts, cantaloupe, cauliflower, citrus, guava, kiwi, papaya, parsley, peas, potatoes, peppers, parsley, rose hips, strawberries and tomatoes

Muscular and nervous irritability, muscle spasms, muscle cramps and tetany, tooth decay, periodontal disease, depression, possibly hypertension

Vitamin D

Calcium and phosphorus levels, calcium absorption, bone mineralization

Sunlight, milk, egg yolks, liver, fish

Osteoporosis, calcium absorption, thyroid

Vitamin K


Aids in the formation of clotting factors and bone proteins and the formation of glucose into glycogen for storage in the liver

Kale, green tea, turnip greens, spinach, broccoli, lettuce, cabbage, beef liver, asparagus, watercress, cheese, oats, peas, whole wheat

Excessive bleeding, a history of bruising, appearance of ruptured capillaries or menorrhagia (heavy periods)

SUPPLEMENTS

supplementsWhat are supplements?

Dietary supplements come in many forms, including tablets, capsules, powders, energy bars, and liquids.

They include:

  • vitamin and mineral products
  • "botanical" or herbal products—These come in many forms and may include plant materials, algae, macroscopic fungi, or a combination of these materials.
  • amino acid products—Amino acids are known as the building blocks of proteins and play a role in metabolism.
  • enzyme supplements—Enzymes are complex proteins that speed up biochemical reactions.

People use dietary supplements for a wide assortment of reasons. Some seek to compensate for diets, medical conditions, or eating habits that limit the intake of essential vitamins and nutrients. Other people look to them to boost energy or to get a good night's sleep.

Available at Healthways Medical Group

Talk with a health care professional

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) suggests that you consult with a health care professional before using any dietary supplement. Many supplements contain ingredients that have strong biological effects, and such products may not be safe in all people.

If you have certain health conditions and take these products, you may be putting yourself at risk. Your health care professional can discuss with you whether it is safe for you to take a particular product and whether the product is appropriate for your needs. Here is some general advice:

  • Dietary supplements are not intended to treat, diagnose, cure, or alleviate the effects of diseases.
  • Using supplements improperly can be harmful. 
  • Some supplements can have unwanted effects before, during, or after surgery.

Are Supplements Safe?

Many dietary supplements have clean safety histories and do help to improve heath and wellness. For example millions of Americans responsibly consume multi-vitamins and experience no ill effects.

Other dietary supplements have been shown to be beneficial for certain health conditions. For example, the use of folic acid supplements by women of childbearing age who may become pregnant reduces the risk of some birth defects.

Another example is the crystalline form of vitamin B12, which is beneficial in people over age 50 who often have a reduced ability to absorb naturally occurring vitamin B12.

Be a safe and informed consumer

  • Let your health care professional advise you on sorting reliable information from questionable information.
  • Do not self-diagnose any health condition. Work with health care professionals to determine how best to achieve optimal health.


Ask how one of our providers can find out what supplements can help you.

Contact Healthways Today

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HEALTHWAYS MEDICAL GROUP
6518 Greenleaf Ave, Suite 25, Whittier, CA 90601
 (562) 698-7161